Home » 3 Things to Consider Before Writing a Literary Analysis Essay

3 Things to Consider Before Writing a Literary Analysis Essay

Literary analysis is thoroughly researching a work, understanding its meanings, and delving into why the author chose particular decisions. It may be used to describe novels, short stories, plays, poetry, or any other type of literary work.

A literary analysis essay is neither a rhetorical analysis nor a narrative description or book review. Instead, it is a form of an argumentative essay in which you must evaluate features of the text such as language, viewpoint, and structure and explain how the author employs literary methods to produce effects and express ideas.

To analyse is to investigate in depth the structure/makeup of anything in order to explain or understand how its pieces interact together. A literary analysis is a work that examines one or more major components of a book and how they support a central theme or goal. When creating a literary analysis, you are not only recognising but also analysing specific details in a book.

Before starting a literary analysis essay, it is critical to thoroughly study the material and develop a thesis statement to keep your article focused. Follow the general framework of an academic essay as you write:

  • An introduction that informs the audience about the topic of your essay.
  • A major body, separated into paragraphs that use evidence from the text to make an argument.
  • A conclusion that clearly explains the primary point that your investigation has demonstrated.

3 Things to consider before writing a literary analysis essay

Brainstorming to get new ideas and then crafting them ineffective writing that will intrigue the reader takes a lot of effort. Suppose you are writing a literary analysis essay. In that case, these are the three musts that you should do before scribbling down your words, and if you ever get tired or think you are lacking, you can always tend towards essay writing services to get your paper done in a better way manner.

1. Identify the Purpose of the Author.

The author’s purpose will function as the backbone of your work. You will discover several purposes as you read, but select the one that calls to you the loudest. It is often referred to as a textual topic. A theme is a vague notion that depicts a message, assertion, or life lesson.

  • What was the author hoping the reader would comprehend or grab from the writing?
  • What is the most prevalent notion, in your opinion, as a reader?

2. Analyse the Key Elements

Following the identification of a purpose, the following stage is to determine how the author depicts this subject and why you concluded that this topic is both essential and pervasive. The setting, plot, characters, point of view, metaphorical language, and style are the factors to be examined. That will be the evidence/support for the rest of your paper.


  • Is there anything noteworthy in the story’s use of time?
  • Is the location or change of place important to the overall objective of the piece?
  • Is it the author’s objective to bring up any social or cultural factors to help their cause?


  • What were the fundamental conflicts in the narrative?
  • What are the story’s key events? What is the chronological sequence of these events?
  • Is the sequence necessary for the purpose?


  • Who are the protagonist and antagonist of the storey?
  • Development of character throughout the writing and the causes that caused the alteration in their behaviours.

Point of View: 

  • What exactly is the perspective?
  • Why do you believe the author chose to write from this point of view?
  • What does this particular point of view add/detract from the storey?

Metaphorical language:

  • How are metaphors, figurative language, symbols, and other literary elements employed in the storey?
  • What are their roles in the text’s overall functionality?
  • Why did the author select these particular instances of metaphorical language?


  • What effect does the text’s format have on the entire piece?
  • Is word choice important in the interpretation of the content?
  • Is the writer using ordinary, everyday language, or are they using higher, more sophisticated language?

3. Connect the Ideas You Gathered

After you’ve defined a goal and the story’s significant features, you’ll need to link the two. To do this, keep the objective in mind the whole time and memorise that each element analysis should be targeted toward its function in describing or stressing the purpose you have chosen to focus on.

And try to avoid plagiarism in your essay writing, make your work diverse and distinct from what’s already out there to build up a sophisticated image if you are a student.

How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay

Below we have mentioned some of the basic steps that you will need to start your writing.

Craft a Title and Write an Introduction

You’ll need two main things to begin your literary analysis paper: a strong title and an introduction.

  • The title

Your title should make it apparent what your analysis will be about. It generally includes the author’s name and the text you’re studying. Maintain as much brevity and interest as feasible.

A systematic method to the title is, begin with a pertinent quotation from the book, preceded by a colon, and then the remaining of your title.

Don’t worry if you have trouble coming up with a solid title initially; this will become simpler once you’ve started writing the essay and have a clearer understanding of your ideas.

  • The Introduction

The essay introduction gives a high-level outline of your argument. It should contain your thesis statement as well as a synopsis of the essay’s format.

A traditional introduction format is, to begin with, a broad statement about the material and author, then a transition into your thesis statement. You may link to a generally held belief about the book and demonstrate how your thesis will contradict it, or you could zoom in on a specific element you want to focus on.

Then, near the end, provide a little preview of what’s to come in the major body of the essay. It is known as signposting. It will be more complex in lengthier essays, but it should not be more than one phrase in a short five-paragraph essay format.

Some students compose the introduction later in the process, which isn’t always a negative thing. After all, once you start writing, you’ll have a better notion of the overall structure of your arguments!

Even if you write the introduction beforehand, you should go back and modify it afterward to ensure it matches what you ended up writing.

Write the Essay’s Body

The body of your essay is anything that comes after the introduction and before the conclusion. It comprises your arguments as well as the textual evidence that backs them up.

Every paragraph in the main body should concentrate on a particular issue. Try to split your argument into three primary areas of analysis in five-paragraph format, all of which are related to your thesis. Don’t try to incorporate everything you can think of saying about the text; instead, provide only the analysis that supports your thesis.

Backing up your assertions with appropriate evidence from the text is an essential aspect of literary analysis. That entails incorporating textual quotations and discussing their importance to your claim.

It’s critical to contextualise quotations and explain why you’re utilising them. They should be introduced and studied appropriately rather than being viewed as self-explanatory.

Compose Your Conclusion

Your analyses’ conclusion should not include any new quotations or arguments. Instead, it’s about completing the essay. In this section, you summarise your main arguments and strive to underline their importance to the reader.

An excellent strategy is to briefly review your primary arguments and then emphasise the conclusion they’ve brought you to, highlighting the new perspective your thesis gives on the book as a whole.

Back to top